White settler returnees to Portugal in 1975, and the history of decolonization, can help us understand the complicated category of refugee.
The dynamics of refuge-seeking in southern Mozambique between 1895 and the 1980s.
After the fall of colonial rule, some whites fled from their African countries of residence and sought refuge in apartheid South Africa.
In the late 1890s and early 1900s, a number of West African Muslims migrated east, settling in Sudan and Mecca, to seek refuge from European colonization.
Borders and camps across Africa are using biometrics to track refugees. For those who are stateless, “fraud” can allow for the smuggling of truths into administrative lies.
In 1969, the OAU proposed its own refugee convention to reflect African values. Why did it not become policy across the continent?