The elite compromise of the early 1990s emphatically excluded the possibility of a comprehensive redistribution policy.
Public art, the vandalism of Nelson Mandela’s legacy for commerce and the spoiling of public space in Cape Town.
Her nudity wakes us up, either in protest or solidarity to the fact that everything is not okay in South Africa.
Where does this leave the majority of largely poor, black and unskilled people affected by the competing interests of powerful groups?
When Ruud Gullit won the Ballon d’Or in 1987, he dedicated the award to Nelson Mandela, then still imprisoned by the Apartheid state. And Gullit made a reggae song about Apartheid.
Since she has never really spoken about her feelings on the breakdown of her marriage to Nelson Mandela, except to very close friends, we are obliged to speculate.
Kumi Naidoo, the first African head of Greenpeace International on how the world could best do justice to Mandela.
"Mandela was extricated from the masses. He was made an idol, almost Jesus Christ! This is nonsense, a lot of nonsense."
For the apartheid-era prison system, 'National Geographic' was a gesture of cultural benevolence. To Nelson Mandela, who knew better, it was porn.
It may be better to ask what effect Mandela has had on the idea of the state in Africa and what his leadership means for how we assess the state in Africa.
Mandela was the one individual of and to whom it can be said the African continent was unanimously proud and infinitely grateful.