AFRICA IS A COUNTRY

Renouncing the Rhino
Benjamin Fogel | December 12th, 2012

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I used to like Rhinos, I never loved them, but I thought they were pretty cool. I once even saw a couple in the wild with my parents in Kruger National Park. Sadly, like so many other things, rhinos have been ruined for me. I can’t like them anymore. I don’t dislike them personally, but I hate what they have come to represent. Don’t get me wrong — rhinos are blameless in this scenario. Rhinos can’t help that their horns are a valuable commodity with a high demand in parts of Asia and they live near lots of desperate people or that some rich Americans like to travel to the dark continent to kill things.

My beef with rhinos is more of a beef with white South Africa as a whole (yes I know I’m a white South African). What gets to me is the Sandton, Constantia or “insert fortress suburb of your choice” housewives in their oversized SUVs, who listen to Freshlyground (’cause they aren’t racist) and shop at Woolworths, when they venture out of their gated communities and who now place red plastic horns on the bonnet to show their solidarity with the rhinos. Dubbed the “Rhinose,” these horns are even made of recycled goods and fit right in with your Eco-friendly Golf estate and fair trade coffee.

Also to blame are the trance ‘hippies’ who claim to be progressive — some even call themselves anarchists — and who are into the whole new age pacifist scene, but yet regularly call for the deaths of rhino poachers. Or the same people who clog my Facebook wall with calls to save the rhinos and send me hundreds of different Avaaz petitions.

What all of these different social groupings have in common, besides being mostly white, is that while they have endless time for the rhino they have little or nothing to say about contemporary South Africa. Little or nothing, beyond the normal white persecution complex which endures in the form of calls for Woolworths’ boycott or calling Black Economic Empowerment (or the University of Cape Town) entrance requirement “reverse apartheid.”

When the state gunned down 34 miners at Marikana for asking for a living wage, they were silent. Hell, I saw plenty of people suggest that they had it coming because they were ‘unskilled’ and uneducated. I’ve seen far more of these plastic horns than say “Justice for Marikana” stickers on cars. No Facebook likes or Avaaz petitions, even.

When farm workers in the Western Cape went on strike for a minimum wage of R150 a day ($20) they were silent again. They are largely silent about inequality, poverty and institutional racism. In a country in which unemployment hovers around 40% overall, around half of the country lives below the poverty line and we can boast of being the second most unequal society in the world after Namibia.

It’s kind of hard to miss social realities in such an environment.

This is a country in which the game was and largely continues to be rigged in favor of white people, who still continue to deny they benefited and continue to benefit from Apartheid. How many white South Africans actually admit to having voted for the National Party (they ruled South Africa between 1948 and 1994)? This is a country where you have to be intentionally ignorant to deny the reality of racial inequality; one has to ignore the millions living in shacks or the sheer extent of desperation in a country where people are prepared to die for R150 a day.

Maybe I’m just anthropecentric, but where was this voice of the moneyed middle class when the state committed the worst act of mass violence since Apartheid? Also, where were they when video of community activist Andries Tatane was broadcast on the evening news, or when Western Cape Premier Helen Zille ordered local police to invade Hangberg? I know. I saw far more sorrow and anger over the Rhino issue.

At my Alma Mater, Rhodes University, in South Africa’s Eastern Cape, there was not one public meeting in the aftermath of the massacre, but I can recall numerous campaigns to save the Rhino and at least one mural put up on a wall outside the library. Ironically, the same people — who when you can eventually get them to talk about politics endlessly bemoan the corruption and incompetence of our current government — reflexively sympathize with the state when it illegally breaks up protests or shoots poor black people. But at least they speak up for the voiceless rhinos and even buy the rhino friendly bags from Woolworths (yes these exist too).

For these reasons, I hate rhinos, they symbolize the sheer disjuncture between white South Africans of fortress suburbia and the struggles of a country still attempting to realize some measure of social justice for the vast majority. For me, it shows that for the majority of white South Africa, black life still means very little — if anything at all. Animals for them are more important than human life.

It seems like far more outrage was expressed over a T-shirt containing the words “I benefited from apartheid” than over the fact that people are earning R69 a day in the farms or that millions of black children go bed hungry in shacks every night. Obviously, there are exceptions to this, but I’m not indulging in hyperbole when I say that I’m not being unfair to the majority.

I’m not renouncing the rhino because I want to claim the moral high ground or because the plastic rhino horns look like dildos or because I want to maintain a measure of dignity. I’m doing it because I refuse to be complicit in apolitical narcissism that still prevails amongst white South Africans. Rhino politics, if it’s not matched with the same focus on humans, belongs in the same dustbin of history — #Kony2012 replete with Jason Russell’s public masturbation included.

White South Africans probably won’t suddenly take to the streets in solidarity with striking black workers or decide to pay farm workers more than starvation wages, but I hope at least some of us can end the denial and start contributing to this country in a serious fashion. Or if not at least sign the Avaaz petition.

* Benjamin Fogel is a freelance journalist based in Cape Town, South Africa. He writes about politics and in his spare time listens to hip hop and rants. He can be contacted at benfogel@hotmail.com.

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Benjamin Fogel

Benjamin Fogel is the assistant editor of Amandla Magazine. Currently based in Cape Town, he is a journalist with a particular interest in labour and political journalism. You can follow him on Twitter: @BenjaminFogel.

98 thoughts on “Renouncing the Rhino

  1. Ben, your article is exactly what this country needs. Furthermore, more young people need to speak up, like you are doing. What Ben is doing is not racist, he is being factual and on point. We need to stop being so sensitive to the race issue and realise that if we want to move forward as a country we must try and see people’s views for what it is, think about what they are saying and not take everything so personally.

    Young South Africans, like Ben, must start to bring up issues like these and must start to take back their country. I for one am tired of all the old people making decisions for us. I am tired of the old black and white men who make the policies in this country. I am tired of the media, run in essence by old white men. This is OUR country and Ben, you voice your views boy, there are millions of South African youth who are thinking like you. What we need is for you to continue to speak your mind, speak the truth, so you can encourage more of us young people to stop sitting on our butts and actually start writing! speaking! acting!

    The old beliefs (which continue to fuel racism) must be done away with, and the only way it can be done is if you, Ben, continue to speak the way you do.

    And finally, as a journalist, I commend you for using you brain and writing what many newspapers today would never in their wildest dreams publish.

  2. The same can be said about conservation efforts all over Africa – the result is wildlife being seen as a preserve of the privileged for the benefit of the privileged, in spite of all the “sustainable development” models being touted.But this is not just the fault of the old colonial elites, largely white; the new elites are also to blame and they are largely black. They just jump on the donor/western interests bandwagon for their own ends, with little interest in the stark, harsh reality of the urban dispossesed and rural disadvantaged who have most to gain from proper wildlife management as well as better schools, wages, helathcare. The new elites have nothing to gain from social development as it will cost them more taxes, more time and energy, more in wages in their businesses – or so they think as they have not thought of the advanatges of a healthy, educated, motivated and socially-secure labour force. And when non-blacks to start to take a stand, they are hammered down as colonial throw backs who have no idea about the realities for real Africans so they retreat to the laager. The issues are complex. But I wholeheartedly agree that red rhino horns and red AIDS ribbons are largely meaningless.

  3. So edgy! Wow. You feel pretty awesome being such a rebel. “What? You are giving money to fight cancer and not marching side by side with 24/7 with the unwashed oppressed? What are you? Hitler?!?!”. In you attempt to make yourself the rebel you actually sound like every other rebel trying to outflank the extreme. Do your country, the striking miners, and even the rhinos a big favor and grow up.

    • Wow. Way to not focus on the greater theme of the article. This is a fantastic piece of writing.

      I’d argue that his criticism could be applied to the gated community middle class rather than the white middle class in particular, but it’s a small criticism at best.

      The writer makes no claim to being a rebel. You’re the fool making a personal attack rather than attacking the substance of his article.

      Perhaps a look in the mirror at the individual incapable of making a critical self reflection is in order?

      PS. Using a ‘quotation’ that doesn’t exist in the the text is a pretty cheap trick.

  4. Do humans have more right to exist on this planet than rhinos? I wonder. Why do you live in Cape Town? Cities are massive monuments to our ability to wipe out anything that is dangerous or uncomfortable in “Nature”. The hypocrisy is not that some folks are more concerned about rhinos than their fellow humans, but that we are all guilty of damaging our environment (and the habitat of the rhino, mosquito etc) irreparably, simply because we live in cities.

    And who will speak for the mosquitoes?

  5. Rhino’s are threatened. They are an entire ‘body of knowledge’ that stands on the brink of extinction and are in peril of disappearing from this planet forever. The fact that Rhino deaths tie in with the rise of Chinese wealth and wealth display make the whole thing emblematic of the brutality that results from rampant capitalism and consumption. At the moment species of turtles are appearing in Chinese markets briefly before becoming extinct. New Chinese wealth display is endangering Sharks and is decimating the ocean populations everywhere. The SUV housewives you refer to may only be aware of the cute and cuddly aspect of Rhino deaths without understanding the global economics let alone be aware of South Africa’s trade deals with China, but you as a journalist, should be.

  6. I agree with the point about overly-hyped, accessible middle-class issues missing the mark. I agree that rhinos should be protected, along with the western leopard toad and all the other endangered wildlife. I do think however that there are some slightly bigger issues. Like child rape, government corruption and the abysmal education system. The assumptions and generalisations made in your article are problematic though.

    Yes, Marikana is up there as a big issue, but the real bad guys in that story were not the well-intentioned middle class white people of Constantia (who the author seems determined to demonise) but rather the ANC-led national government who CONTROL the national police force and collude with the mining bosses.

    Also, do some proper research into what actually happened at Hangberg. The metro police were ambushed by hundreds of petrol-bomb and brick throwing community members, many of them gangsters, who were protecting the perlemoen and drug-smuggling industry, not their Khoi heritage (as the narrative goes). Helen Zille was not even the mayor at the time and had absolutely no say over what the Metro Police were involved in. The only thing the metro police were supposed to do on that day was to remove shacks that were built illegally in a firebreak, with the consent of the then mayor, Dan Plato. It was actually the SAPS policemen, firing rubber bullets from armoured vehicles in defence that caused the only serious injury to the rioters. SAPS are controlled by NATIONAL government.

    I know it’s cooler to attack the DA than the ANC and you are worried about losing your street cred, but that doesn’t give you the right to make racist generalisations, even if it is done in a self-flagellating tirade of white-guilt verbosity.

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