The reported pressure of the South African Zionist Federation on a Johannesburg synagogue to bar Judge Richard Goldstone, deemed an enemy of Israel, from his grandson’s barmitzvah as well as the news that students at the University of Berkeley California wanted to repeat divestment strategies against Israel once used against Apartheid South Africa, has put the links between South Africa and Israel’s histories front and center again.
Which is a good time to do this post.
Israel’s relationship with white South Africa throughout Apartheid still need to adequately explored. The books I’ve seen on this subject already–Gideon Shimoni’s Community and Conscience: The Jews in Apartheid South Africa as well as Milton Shain and Richard Mendehlsohn’s The Jews in South Africa: An Illustrated History–only scratches the surface of that shameful history.
Officially Apartheid South Africa was a key ally of Israel since its inception. In 1949 Prime Minister DF Malan was one of the first foreign heads of state to visit the new state of Israel and in 1976, months before the Soweto uprisings, Prime Minister John Vorster, who had spent time in a World War II internment camp for his pro-Nazi views, visited Israel to complete arms deals. (See the picture above.) And we know scientists from both countries exchanged information on building nuclear weapons. So the subject stilll eeds to get all the attention it should get. For now the best piece of journalism on this history is by Chris McGreal, former Jerusalem correspondent of The Guardian. But I want more.
Now there’s news of fellow Brooklynite Sasha Polakow Suransky‘s new book The Unspoken Alliance: Israel’s Secret Relationship with Apartheid South Africa which will hopefully shed more light on this history. The book will be published during May 2010 in South Africa and the United States.
Here’s the description from the publisher’s website:
Prior to the Six-Day War, Israel was the darling of the international Left. But after its occupation of Palestinian territories in 1967, Israel found itself isolated from former allies and threatened anew by old enemies. Sasha Polakow-Suransky tells the full story of how Israel’s booming arms industry and South Africa’s isolation led to a hidden military alliance that grew deeper after the Likud Party came to power in 1977 and continued even after Israel passed sanctions against South Africa in the late 1980s.
At the time of Israel’s independence in 1948, the two countries couldn’t have been more different: Israel was a nation of Holocaust survivors; South Africa was ruled by Nazi sympathizers. But as their covert military relationship blossomed, they exchanged billions of dollars of extremely sensitive material, including nuclear technology, which boosted Israel’s sagging economy and strengthened the beleaguered apartheid regime. Polakow-Suransky has uncovered previously classified details of countless arms deals conducted behind the backs of Israel’s diplomatic corps and in violation of the United Nations arms embargo.
Based on extensive archival research and interviews with former generals and high-level government officials in both countries, The Unspoken Alliance tells a troubling story of Cold War paranoia, moral compromises, and Israel’s estrangement from the Left. It is essential reading for anyone interested in Israel’s history and its future.